Intraoperatively Diagnosed Cerebellopontine Angle Facial Nerve Schwannoma: How To Deal With It

Intraoperatively Diagnosed Cerebellopontine Angle Facial Nerve Schwannoma: How To Deal With It

Andrea Bacciu, Marimar Medina, Mehdi Ben Ammar, Flavia D'Orazio, Filippo Di Lella, Alessandra Russo, Jacques Magnan and Mario Sanna

Abstract
Objective:This study aimed to report our experience in the management of patients with intraoperatively diagnosed intracranial facial nerve schwannomas (FNSs) and propose a decision-making strategy.

Conclusion:Management of FNS diagnosed at surgery represents a significant clinical challenge. We considered total tumor resection with grafting when patients presented with preoperative facial nerve palsy (≥ grade III). Both subtotal and near-total tumor removal can be performed in patients with preoperative good facial function and/or large tumors with brainstem compression. Patients with small tumors who were selected for hearing preservation surgery can be considered for bony decompression. Fascicle preservation surgery may be an option when a clear cleavage plane between the tumor and the facial nerve is found.